I am looking at getting a new rifle. I want something that is a good all-around gun. The caliber choices are as follows. .243, 270, 7mm rem mag, 30-06? Which one would be good on coyotes, speed goats,deer, elk, and moose.
The 7mm Rem Mag has worse recoil than the '06 from my experience. I have also found enough significant chamber variations in different 7mm Mags that I believe that sometimes you are just getting .280 performance at times. Due to the belted design and the tolerances the manufacturers allow in chambering a design that headspaces on the belt.
I would rather have one of the beltless Win Short Mags in .270 or 7mm that headspace on the shoulder just like a .243/.270/.30-06 than a belted Remmy 7 Mag anymore because of that. Recoil seems less too with them, but that may just be me.
Other good calibers would be the .25-06 (especially if elk/moose were not a main item), which would really be a better pick than the .243, and also the excellent and efficient 7mm-08, and .308 Win. rounds.
Can't go wrong with any of the rounds you've mentioned, although the .243 is too small for elk. I love short action calibers in the lightest possible rifles for big game because my hunting style involves carrying them over long distances. I do a lot more carrying than shooting, and prefer rifles that weigh under 6 pounds (naked, w/o scope etc.) if at all possible. 7mm-08, .308, or any of the WSM calibers for more punch are my favorites. You can usually find lighter rifles in the short actions. That said, you'll find ammo for .243, .30-06, and .270 everywhere and anywhere, and all are great choices.
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